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Human Implication of Organisation


•Behaviour depends on

1.Environmental factors- Economics, social norms, political situations

2.Personal factors- Age, sex, education, abilities, marital status, Number of dependants

3.Organisational factors- Physical facilities, structure, design, leadership, CTC

4.Psychological factors- Personality, perfection, attitude, values, learning

Personalities are of two types namely

1.Type A- Restless, walks and eats rapidly, schedule more and more in one time before completion of any thing, displays nervousness, clinched fist, banging on table and no time to relax and enjoy.

2.Type B- Relaxed, sociable, balanced outlook, systematic, methodical, take things easily and normally does not get disturbed.

•Sometimes human behaviour cannot be explained. This is because of psychometric analysis i.e. id, ego and superego. •MOTIVATION 

     is derived from the latin word “movere” (to move). It is referred as the extent of willingness of an employee to respond to the Organisational requirement. It is directed towards satisfaction of needs. A manager must know the motivational factors which includes: 1.Money 2.Appreciation 3.Job enlargement/ enrichment 4.Job rotation 5.Participation 6.Quality of Work life (includes compensation, job suitable to one’s knowledge/skill/attitude, growth, security, sense of identity, right to privacy, family life. Leisure time etc)

•Theories of Motivation

1.Scientific Management /Rational Economic View Theory

2.Human Relation Model Theory

3.Maslow’s need Hierarchy Theory

4.Fredric Herzberg’s two factor theory

5.Clayton Adderfer’s ERG theory

6.Achievement Motivation Theory

7.Victor H Vroom,s expectancy theory

8.Adam’s equity theory

9.Performance satisfaction model theory

10.Reinforcement Theory

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